Geography, Climate and Weather of Agra

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The city of Agra is situated on the bank of river Yamuna. The climate of Agra is known as semi-arid one, which borders on a subtropical climate, alongwith humidity. The city is known for its mild winters, hot and dry summers and rainy monsoon. Monsoon is quite normal in this part of the country. An average of 624 mm is recorded the average rainfall during the month of June  to september.

Location and Geography

Placed in the northern part of the country, Agra is located at about 370 kilometers distance from Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh, and the State in which Agra falls. Similarly, its distance from New Delhi, the capital of India is measured as about 200 kilometers. Another historical city Gwalior is situated in the north with about 175 kilometers distance to cover. Mathura is about 50 kilometers north, towards New Delhi from Agra.

On the East it is bounded by Firozabad District, which was carved out of Agra district recently. On the West its boundary are touched by Bharatpur, which again was a princely state of Rajasthan.  Agra is situated on the bank of Yamuna River.

Temperature in Agra

In Agra maximum temperature in atmosphere varies from severe hot to severe cold. At summer, it is recorded at 45°C and minimum temperature is about 21.9°C and in winter maximum temperature is 31.7°C and minimum temperature remains about 4.2°C. Therefore, good season for tourist ventures is from October to March.

Taj Mahal. Agra

An aerial view of Taj Mahal (Pic: Raj Gopal S Verma)

The period from April to June-July normally witnesses scorching heat, a rise in the mercury upto 50 degree which will not be befitting for tourists coming from colder western countries. Since they are not accustomed to such hot temperature, they may find it difficult to sustain for long hours. As a result, the venture of roaming around Taj Mahal and other monuments will be hampered. Moreover, the marble an stone monuments, which are the founding structure of the monuments and were extensively used in the making, will further heat up in these summer months. This will contribute more towards rising atmospheric mercury. So, either avoid these months to visit or prepare a plan to combat the fury of the weather.

Climate of Agra

Located on the Indo-Gangetic plain, the district of Agra has a continental sub-tropical climate, with long, hot summers from April to September when temperatures can reach as high as 45°C (113°F). During summers dry winds blow in this region. The monsoon months from July to September record about 67 cm (27 inches) of rainfall annually.The Agra district falls in western Uttar Pradesh—the most populous State of the country. It ranges between   27.11′ degree Latitude North and 78.0′ degree to 78.2′ degree Longitude East. Its Altitude is found at 169 meters above sea level. On the North it is bounded by Mathura District. Similarly, South is bounded by Dhaulpur District, which is a part of the state of Rajasthan.

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