History of Agra

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What is the historical significance of the city of Agra? first, we must find an answer. Then only we can see the city and its monuments of Mughal era in right perspective.

The Historical Signifcance of Agra

The history of Agra is shrouded in a little mystery and is not known to be fully authentic.  To the world, Agra is basically known as the city of Taj Mahal, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jehan, in memory of his wife Begum Mumtaj Mahal.  People world over visit Taj Mahal,  as well as Agra Fort– the gradiose palace which is a milestone in the history of Mughals, Fatehpur Sikri–  the magnificient place of palaces, gardens and marvels of architectures; every day, though the city has more archeological masterpieces other than these too.  The documented history of the city of Agra dates back to Mahabharata era, from 1000 BC  where it was referred as Agrevana—means the borders of the forest.


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Agra has ancient origin

Historians confirm that a Sikarwar Rajput king Raja Badal Singh, who was born in the year 1475 was instrumental in founding the city of Agra, as it is known today. Badalgarh Fort used to be his palace, which later replaced or took the shape of the Agra Fort, it is said. The other theory ascribed the place to the king Jaypala, which afterwards was attacked by Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni. It seems, the name of fortress of Agra was itched in the history on 1080 AD, when it was recorded that King Ghazni had captured the palace or fort of Agra. King Sikandar Lodi made Agra the capital of his State and thus Delhi lost the title of state capital in favour of Agra.

The Lodi ruler in Agra

After the demise of Sikandar Lodi in the year 1517, his son Ibrahim Lodi was named the king and the state of Agra was ruled by him for long nine years regularly. His father Sikandar Lodi practically ruled his state from the city of Agra and built various structures of the fort but Ibrahim Lodi built a mosque in the fort and dug a number of wells for the people of the city.

Agra Fort reminds us of its glorious past

Agra Fort reminds us of its glorious past (Pic: www.google.com)

The rule of Lodi clan came to an end when king Ibrahim Lodi’s army tasted a humiliating defeat in the famous Battle of Panipat in the year 1526. Sher Shah Suri and his clan later got the lordship of Agra where they ruled from 1540 to 1556.

The Mughal Era in Agra

The Mughals actually displayed their power in Agra from 1556 onwards. They ruled almost unhindered or with little hindrance and ruled till the year 1658, with cordial and tactical relations most of times. Taj Mahal has its genesis in the period of Mughal emperor Shah Jehan. Known as Akbarabad then, the city had been the capital of Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan. King Shah Jahan moved his capital from present Agra to Delhi in his later days, but after a coup, his son Aurangzeb usurped power, declared himself king and made Shah Jahan prisoner.

Agra Fort

Agra Fort– welcome to Mughal grandeur (Pic: Raj Gopal S Verma)

After the diminishing power of Mughals, the city came into the influence of Marathas, when its present name acquired acceptance. It was acquired by British empire in the year 1803.

Mughal period of Agra is revered most

The Mughal period in the history of Agra is most revered era because they bestowed the city with architectural and cultural marvels. The art, culture and architecture thrive in the period of Mughals. Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri have secured their place in the UNESCO World Heritage sites—an honour given to the structures and places of worldwide importance.

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